Correct nutrition is essential for the proper development of broccoli and cauliflowers, so it is vital for farmers to have solutions adapted to each phenological stage of the crop, something that Vellsam Bioactive Materials offers through a wide portfolio.
In Spain there are currently around 32,000 hectares dedicated to the cultivation of broccoli, with Murcia, with 12,000 hectares and 192,500 tons, being one of the main production areas, followed by others such as Extremadura or Navarra, with 5,200 and 4,800 hectares, respectively.
In the case of cauliflower, it totals 31,900 hectares nationwide, of which 2,400 are grown in Andalusia, 2,000 in Navarra and another 1,100 in Murcia. All these figures show the prominence of the basic ones in the Levante peninsula, but also in other parts of Spain.
The cultivation of broccoli and cauliflower, like other plants, needs essential nutritional elements for its proper development. These can be differentiated into primary macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium), secondary macronutrients (magnesium, calcium, and sulfur), and micronutrients (manganese, copper, chlorine, molybdenum, zinc, iron, and boron). Each of them plays an essential role and the lack or excess of some can cause problems in the crop cycle.
To design a correct fertilization program for any plant species, it is necessary to know the nutrients available in the soil, as well as those that are provided through irrigation water. For this reason, it is essential to carry out a soil and water analysis to fully adjust the amount of fertilizer to apply based on the requirements of the plant in each phase of the crop, thus reducing its loss. For proper nutrition, Vellsam Bioactive Materials has several solutions adapted to each phenological stage of the crop.
For a good initial development, Vellsam has its NPK Gel Plant Power 7-20-7 line, which can be applied from transplantation until the beginning of the formation of the pellet. In addition, it is recommended to use Bactron, a powerful soil regenerator, and Rhyzoprime, a growth promoter, applied in the early stages of development.
In the middle of the cycle, for the growth phases and the beginning of pellet formation, the application of biostimulants based on glycine-betaine plus proline (Osmogreen Plus) is convenient; high-efficiency amino acids (Vellamin 24), as well as formulated with algae (Algavell and / or Eklovit), indicated for extreme situations of temperatures, drought or salinity, which help reduce the incidence of pathophysiology. In this way, crops are protected from water and thermal stress, with the use of biostimulants that strengthen the plant and favor its development.
To close the cycle, calcium and potassium-based products such as Vellca Plus, combined with Vellpotasium, are essential during the formation, fattening and finishing of pellets or fruits. Also the use of Molibore, a boron and molybdenum based product, is important due to the short cycle, fast growth and high production.