How to identify my soil farm?

The soil farm is the most important asset for any farmer. It is the basis of your business, and therefore, you must be fully taken care of it. The keys to maintain good health in the floor are: knowing the type of soil we have and supplying the nutrients it requires. We must learn to take care of the soil to give back the nutrients we subtract when growing.

Today, we will show you 2 ways to analyze the soil of the farm without having to do an in-depth analysis, being only necessary the sight and the touch.

The first method we are going to use is watching the color of the soil. All we need is to observe the tone of the soil in its natural state:

1. If the soil has a dark color, it indicates a high level of humus or organic materials.

2. If the soils are red and yellow, they indicate high levels of iron oxide. It is also an indicator that the soil is well drained, not too moist and fertile.

3. A yellowish grey or brown color may be indicative of a high oxygen level. Almost all soils with these characteristics have low fertility. 

4. If the soil is characterized by a white or clear color, it informs us about the presence of quartz, carbonates or gypsum. In this case it indicates little presence of organic materials.

Soil fertilization is a combination of all soil characteristics (texture, pH, level of organic matter, etc.), and the level of soil indicates the facility in which the plant extracts from the soil the chemical elements it needs for its development .

The next method is by touch, observing the texture of the farm soil. In this case we will moisten a soil sample and press it in our palm to try to shape any figure:

1. If the soil slips without spotting and without letting us create any figure, the soil is sandy. These soils are characterized by being easy to work , but also by having few nutrients.  

2. We will have loam soil when the it leaves color in the hands. This type of soil is rich in humus and holds the nutrients well. They are soft and sticky soils, therefore they are very easy to work.

3. When the soil is totally maleable, we will have a soil of clay texture. These soils are high in nutrients but are heavy and difficult to work with.

It should be noted that sandy soils do not allow large amounts of fertilizer so they must be fertilized frequently and in small quantities. On the other hand the clay soils demand the opposite,: few and abundant applications.

Once we know what kind of soil we have, we can give it the products that it demands. We have to be careful with the soils with few nutrients since they need an external contribution (fertilizers) and with heavy soils, since they need a greater labor.

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